Peer-Reviewed Publications



[23]

de Boer, G., B. J. Butterworth, J. S. Elston, A. Houston, E. Pillar-Little, B. Argrow, T. M. Bell, P. Chilson, C. Choate, B. R. Greene, A. Islam, R. Martz, M. Rhodes, D. Rico, M. Stachura, F. M. Lappin, A. R. Segales, S. Whyte, and M. Wilson, 2024: Evaluation and Intercomparison of Small Uncrewed Aircraft Systems Used for Atmospheric Research. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 41, 127–145, https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-23-0067.1




[22]

Shveytser, V., P. C. Stoy, B. J. Butterworth, S. Wiesner, T. H. Skaggs, B. Murphy, T. Wutzler, T. S. El-Madany, A. R. Desai, 2024: Evaporation and transpiration from multiple proximal forests and wetlands. Water Resources Research, 60, e2022WR033757. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022WR033757





[21]

Butterworth, B.J., G. de Boer, and D. Lawrence, 2024: A Study of Intermittent Turbulence in Stable Arctic Boundary Layers. Boundary-Layer Meteorology. 190, 2. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-023-00847-5







[20]

Butterworth, B.J., A. R. Desai, D. Durden, H. Kadum, D. LaLuzerne, M. Mauder, S. Metzger, S. Paleri, and L. Wanner, 2024: Characterizing energy balance closure over a heterogeneous ecosystem using multi-tower eddy covariance. Frontiers in Earth Science. 11:1251138. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2023.1251138




                                    [19]
de Boer, G., A. White, R. Cifelli, J. Intrieri, M. Hughes, K. Mahoney, T. Meyers, K. Lantz, J. Hamilton, W. Currier, J. Sedlar, C. Cox, E. Hulm, L. D. Riihimaki, B. Adler, L. Bianco, A. Morales, J. Wilczak, J. Elston, M. Stachura, D. Jackson, S. Morris, V. Chandrasekar, S. Biswas, B. Schmatz, F. Junyent, J. Reithel, E. Smith, K. Schloesser, J. Kochendorfer, M. Meyers, M. Gallagher, J. Longenecker, C. Olheiser, J. Bytheway, B. Moore, R. Calmer, M. D. Shupe, B. Butterworth, S. Heflin, R. Palladino, D. Feldman, K. Williams, J. Pinto, J. Osborn, D. Costa, E. Hall, C. Herrera, G. Hodges, L. Soldo, S. Stierle, and R. S. Webb, 2023: Supporting Advancement in Weather and Water Prediction in the Upper Colorado River Basin: The SPLASH Campaign. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-22-0147.1



[18]

Sims, R. P, M. Ahmed, B. J. Butterworth, P. J. Duke, S. F. Gonski, S. F. Jones, K. A. Brown, C. J. Mundy, W. J. Williams, and B. G. T. Else, 2023: High interannual surface pCO2 variability in the Southern Canadian Arctic Archipelago's Kitikmeot Sea. Ocean Science. 19(3), 837–856. https://doi.org/10.5194/os-19-837-2023





[17]

Tirado, J., A. O. Torti, B. J. Butterworth, K. Wangen, A. Voon, B. Kies, J. Hupy, G. de Boer, R. B. Pierce, T. J. Wagner, P. A. Cleary, 2023: Observations of Coastal Dynamics During Lake Breeze at a Shoreline Impacted by High Ozone. Environmental Science: Atmospheres, 3(3), 494–505. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2EA00101B





[16]

Paleri, S., A. R. Desai, S. Metzger, D. Durden, B. J. Butterworth, M. Mauder, et al. 2022: Space-scale resolved surface fluxes across a heterogeneous, mid-latitude forested landscape. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2022JD037138. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022JD037138





[15]

Desai, A. R., B. A. Murphy, S. Wiesner, J. Thom, B. J. Butterworth, N. Koupaei-Abyazani, et al., 2022: Drivers of decadal carbon fluxes across temperate ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 127, e2022JG007014. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022JG007014





[14]

Yang, M., T. G. Bell, J. R. Bidlot, B. W. Blomquist, B. J. Butterworth, Y. Dong, C. W. Fairall, S. Landwehr, C. A. Marandino, S. D. Miller, E. S. Saltzman, and A. Zavarsky, 2022: Global synthesis of air-sea CO2 transfer velocity estimates from ship-based eddy covariance measurements. Frontiers in Marine Science, 9, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2022.826421





[13]

Murphy, B. A., J. A. May, B. J. Butterworth, C. G. Andresen, A. R. Desai, 2022: Unravelling Forest Complexity: Resource Use Efficiency, Disturbance, and the Structure-Function Relationship. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 127, e2021JG006748. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JG006748






[12]

Wohl, C., A. E. Jones, W. T. Sturges, P. D. Nightingale, B. Else, B. J. Butterworth, and M. Yang, 2022: Sea ice concentration impacts dissolved organic gases in the Canadian Arctic, Biogeosciences . 19, 1021–1045, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-1021-2022







[11]

Watts, J. H., T. G. Bell, K. Anderson, B. J. Butterworth, S. Miller, B. Else, J. Shutler, 2022: Impact of sea ice on air-sea CO2 exchange – a critical review of polar eddy covariance studies. Progress in Oceanography, 201, p. 102741. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2022.102741






[10]

Desai, A.R., A.M. Khan, T. Zheng, S. Paleri, B. Butterworth, T.R. Lee, J.B. Fisher, G. Hulley, T. Kleynhans, A. Gerace, P.A. Townsend, P.C. Stoy, S. Metzger, 2021: Multi-sensor approach for high space and time resolution land surface temperature, Earth and Space Science, https://doi.org/10.1029/2021EA001842





[9]

Metzger S., D. Durden, S. Paleri, M. Sühring, B. J. Butterworth, C. Florian, M. Mauder, D. M. Plummer, L. Wanner, K. Xu, and A. R. Desai, 2021: Novel approach to observing system simulation experiments improves information gain of surface-atmosphere field measurements. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 14, 6929–6954, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-6929-2021



[8]
Helbig, M., T. Gerken, E. Beamesderfer, D. D. Baldocchi, T. Banerjee, S. C. Biraud, W. O. J. Brown, N. A. Brunsell, E. A. Burakowski, S. P. Burns, B. J. Butterworth, W. S. Chan, K. J. Davis, A. R. Desai, J. D. Fuentes, D. Y. Hollinger, N. Kljun, M. Mauder, K. A. Novick, J. M. Perkins, D. A. Rahn, C. Rey-Sanchez, J. A. Santanello, R. L. Scott, B. Seyednasrollah, P. C. Stoy, R. C. Sullivan, J. V.-G. de Arellano, S. Wharton, C. Yi, and A. D. Richardson, 2020: Integrating continuous atmospheric boundary layer and tower-based flux measurements to advance understanding of land-atmosphere interactions. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2021.108509


                                    [7]
Butterworth, B. J., A. R. Desai, S. Metzger, P. A. Townsend, M. D. Schwartz, G. W. Petty, M. Mauder, H. Vogelmann, C. G. Andresen, T. J. Augustine, T. H. Bertram, W. O. J. Brown, M. Buban, P. Cleary, D. J. Durden, C. R. Florian, T. J. Iglinski, E. L. Kruger, K. Lantz, T. R. Lee, T. P. Meyers, J. K. Mineau, E. R. Olson, S. P. Oncley, S. Paleri, R. A. Pertzborn, C. Pettersen, D. M. Plummer, L. D. Riihimaki, E. Ruiz Guzman, J. Sedlar, E. N. Smith, J. Speidel, P. C. Stoy, M. Sühring, J. E. Thom, D. D. Turner, M. P. Vermeuel, T. J. Wagner, Z. Wang, L. Wanner, L. D. White, J. M. Wilczak, D. B. Wright, and T. Zheng, 2021: Connecting Land–Atmosphere Interactions to Surface Heterogeneity in CHEESEHEAD19. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 102, E421–E445, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0346.1



[6]

Duke, P. J., B. G. T. Else, S. Jones, S. Marriot, M. Ahmed, V. Nandan, B. J. Butterworth, S. Gonski, R. Dewey, L. Miller, K. Simpson, and H. Thomas, 2021: Seasonal marine carbon system processes in an Arctic coastal landfast sea ice environment observed with an innovative underwater sensor platform. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 9, 1, https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2021.00103





[5]

Ahmed, M. M. M., B. G. T. Else, B. J. Butterworth, D. W. Capelle, C. Guéguen, L. A. Miller, C. Meilleur, and T. Papakyriakou, 2020: Widespread surface water pCO2 undersaturation during ice melt season in an Arctic continental shelf sea (Hudson Bay, Canada). Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 9, 1, https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2020.00130





[4]

Butterworth, B. J. and B. G. T. Else, 2018: Dried, closed-path eddy covariance method for measuring carbon dioxide flux over sea ice. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 11, 6075–6090, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-6075-2018






[3]

Butterworth, B. J., and S. D. Miller, 2016: Air-sea exchange of carbon dioxide in the Southern Ocean and Antarctic marginal ice zone. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 7223–7230,  https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL069581





[2]

Butterworth, B. J. and S. D. Miller, 2016: Automated Underway Eddy Covariance System for Air–Sea Momentum, Heat, and CO2 Fluxes in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 33, 635–652, https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0156.1





[1]

Hough-Goldstein, J., M. Schiff, E. Lake and B. Butterworth, 2008: Impact of the biological control agent Rhinoncomimus latipes (Coleoptera : Curculionidae) on mile-a-minute weed, Persicaria perfoliata, in field cages. Biological Control, 46, 417–423, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2008.04.001







Other Publications



Paleri, S., B. J. Butterworth, and A. R. Desai: Spatial Patterns and Scales. Conceptual Boundary Layer Meteorology: The Air Near Here, A.L. Hiscox and A.G. McCombs, Eds., Elsevier, 2022. [book chapter]






Helbig, M., T. Gerken, E. Beamesderfer, D. D. Baldocchi, T. Banerjee, S. C. Biraud, W. O. J. Brown, N. A. Brunsell, S. P. Burns, B. J. Butterworth, W. S. Chan, A. R. Desai, J. D. Fuentes, D. Y. Hollinger, N. Kljun, M. Mauder, K. A. Novick, J. M. Perkins, C. Rey-Sanchez, R. L. Scott, B. Seyednasrollah, P. C. Stoy, R. C. Sullivan, J. V.-G. de Arellano, S. Wharton, C. Yi, and A. D. Richardson: Whitepaper: Understanding land-atmosphere interactions through tower-based flux and continuous atmospheric boundary layer measurements, AmeriFlux Management Project, 47 pp., 2020. [white paper]






Published Datasets



Cox, C. J., J. M. Intrieri, B. J. Butterworth, G. de Boer, M. R. Gallagher, J. Hamilton, E. Hulm, S. Morris, J. Osborn, B. Schmatz and M. D. Shupe (December 2023): Atmospheric Surface Flux Station #30 measurements (level 1 Raw), Study of Precipitation, the Lower Atmosphere and Surface for Hydrometeorology (SPLASH), September 2021-July 2023. Zenodo, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10307826.

Cox, C. J., J. M. Intrieri, B. J. Butterworth, G. de Boer, M. R. Gallagher, J. Hamilton, E. Hulm, S. Morris, J. Osborn, B. Schmatz and M. D. Shupe (December 2023): Atmospheric Surface Flux Station #50 measurements (level 1 Raw), Study of Precipitation, the Lower Atmosphere and Surface for Hydrometeorology (SPLASH), October 2021-June 2023. Zenodo, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10310521.

Cox, C. J., M. R. Gallagher, J. M. Intrieri, B. J. Butterworth, T. Meyers and P. O. G. Persson (December 2023): Atmospheric Surface Flux Station #30 measurements (level 2 Processed), Study of Precipitation, the Lower Atmosphere and Surface for Hydrometeorology (SPLASH), October 2021-June 2023. Zenodo, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10313895.

Cox, C. J., M. R. Gallagher, J. M. Intrieri, B. J. Butterworth, T. Meyers and P. O. G. Persson (December 2023): Atmospheric Surface Flux Station #50 measurements (level 2 Processed), Study of Precipitation, the Lower Atmosphere and Surface for Hydrometeorology (SPLASH), October 2021-June 2023. Zenodo, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10313364.





de Boer, G., J. Hamilton, R. Calmer, M. Rhodes, B. J. Butterworth, J. Buchli, M. Ritsch, A. Miller, C. Gomez-Faulk, S. Borenstein, E. Asher, T. Thornberry, B. Argrow (December 2023): TRACER UAS CU RAAVEN Flight Data (v1.0). ARM Data Center, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5439/1985470.





Desai, A. R., B. J. Butterworth, S. P. Oncley, (2019), CHEESEHEAD Datasets:
AmeriFlux, US-PFb, NW1, Pine-1, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717850
AmeriFlux, US-PFc, NW2, Aspen-1, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717851
AmeriFlux, US-PFd, NW3, Tussock-1, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717852
AmeriFlux, US-PFe, NW4, Lake-1, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717853
AmeriFlux, US-PFg, NE1, Pine-2, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717854
AmeriFlux, US-PFh, NE2, Pine-3, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717855
AmeriFlux, US-PFi, NE3, Hardwood-1, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717856
AmeriFlux, US-PFj, NE4, Maple-1, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717857
AmeriFlux, US-PFk, SW1, Aspen-2, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717858
AmeriFlux, US-PFL, SW2, Aspen-3, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717859
AmeriFlux, US-PFm, SW3, Hardwood-2, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717860
AmeriFlux, US-PFn, SW4, Hardwood-3, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717861
AmeriFlux, US-PFp, SE2, Hardwood-4, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717862
AmeriFlux, US-PFq, SE3, Aspen-4, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717863
AmeriFlux, US-PFr, SE4, Tussock-2, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717864
AmeriFlux, US-PFs, SE5, Aspen-5, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717865
AmeriFlux, US-PFt, SE6, Pine-4, https://doi.org/10.17190/AMF/1717866







Miller, S. and B. Butterworth, (2016). Eddy covariance air-sea momentum, heat, and carbon dioxide fluxes in the Southern Ocean from the Nathaniel B. Palmer (cruise NBP1210). Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1594/IEDA/323564






Miller, S. and B. Butterworth, (2016). Eddy covariance air-sea momentum, heat, and carbon dioxide fluxes in the Southern Ocean from the Nathaniel B. Palmer (cruise NBP1402). Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1594/IEDA/323565



Theses

2016 - Air-Sea Carbon Dioxide Exchange in the Southern Ocean and Antarctic Sea Ice Zone


2011 - A Climatological Study of the Relationship between Alpine Treeline and Thermally-Driven Upslope Winds on Niwot Ridge, Colorado